Evaluation of surgical techniques for management of corneal ulcers in dogs

Sharma, Ankur (2017) Evaluation of surgical techniques for management of corneal ulcers in dogs. Doctoral thesis, Sher-E-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu.

[img] Text
36117 Ankur Sharma PhD Thesis J-13-D-62-V Veterinary Surgery & Radiology.pdf
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (6MB)


The present study was conducted on 28 dogs of either sex affected with corneal ulcers. Male dogs (75%) were predominantly affected and pug was the most commonly affected breed. Only unilateral corneal ulcers were observed. All the physiological parameters and haemato-biochemical parameters estimated on day 0 were within the normal reference range. The presented cases were randomly assigned to four treatment groups of seven dogs each and managed by membranoplasty (Group I), application of bandage contact lens (Group II), conjunctival grafts (Group III) and amniotic membrane (Group IV). Tarsorrhaphy was performed additionally in all the groups. Schirmer tear test (STT), congestion, photophobia, lacrimation and discharge showed improvement post-treatment in all the groups. Culture and antibiotic sensitivity test revealed Staphylococcus spp. in 100% of the cases, which were sensitive to Gatifloxacin and Moxifloxacin. Corneal ulcers healed in all dogs of all the groups in approximately the same time period, however, complications like self retraction of 3rd eyelid by tearing of sutures were seen in membranoplasty group, bandage contact lens (BCL) was lost in all the cases and partial retraction of the conjunctival grafts was seen with 3600 conjunctivoplasty. Corneal melanosis persisted throughout the period of observation in one case of group I and two cases each of group II and IV, whereas lipid/mineral dystrophy was present in two cases of group III. Neuro-ophthalmic test improvement (%) was highest in amniotic membrane group dogs. It is therefore recommended, that corneal ulcers may be better treated by 3600 conjunctival grafts or amniotic membrane transplantation as they are easy to perform with minimal complications.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Additional Information: Registration No.: J-13-D-62-V
Uncontrolled Keywords: Corneal ulcers, Membranoplasty, Bandage contact lens, Conjunctival grafts, Amniotic membrane
Subjects: S Agriculture > Veterinary Surgery and Radiology
Divisions: Department of Agriculture
Date Deposited: 29 May 2018 09:38
Last Modified: 29 May 2018 09:38

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item